Historical Standard: ASTM E2128-01 Standard Guide for Evaluating Water Leakage of Building Walls
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1.1 This guide describes methods for determining and evaluating causes of water leakage of exterior walls. For this purpose, water penetration is considered leakage, and therefore problematic, if it exceeds the planned resistance or temporary retention and drainage capacity of the wall, is causing or is likely to cause premature deterioration of a building or its contents, or is adversely affecting the performance of other components. A wall is considered a system including its exterior and interior finishes, fenestration, structural components and components for maintaining the building interior environment.
1.2 Investigative techniques discussed may be intrusive, disruptive or destructive. It is the responsibility of the investigator to establish the limitations of use, to anticipate and advise of the destructive nature of some procedures, and to plan for patching and selective reconstruction as necessary.
1.3 This practice does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. Establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Awareness of safety and familiarity with safe procedures are particularly important for above-ground operations on the exterior of a building and destructive investigative procedures which typically are associated with the work described in this guide.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
AAMA StandardsAAMA 511 Voluntary Guideline for Forensic Water Penetration Testing of Fenestration Products, Article 126.96.36.199.1 Optional Sill Dam Test (This test method previously appeared in AAMA 502.)
C1601 Test Method for Field Determination of Water Penetration of Masonry Wall Surfaces
C1715 Test Method for Evaluation of Water Leakage Performance of Masonry Wall Drainage Systems
E331 Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference
E547 Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
E860 Practice for Examining And Preparing Items That Are Or May Become Involved In Criminal or Civil Litigation
E1105 Test Method for Field Determination of Water Penetration of Installed Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls, by Uniform or Cyclic Static Air Pressure Difference
E1188 Practice for Collection and Preservation of Information and Physical Items by a Technical Investigator
evaluation; inspection; testing; water leakage; Water leakage; Building materials/applications; Drainage materials/systems; Evaluation--building components/applications; Exterior walls; Inspection--buildings; Retention characteristics/testing; Walls
ICS Number Code 91.060.10 (Walls. Partitions. Facades)