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Content DescriptionMass concrete is any volume of concrete with dimensions large enough to require that measures be taken to cope with the generation of heat from hydration of the cement and attendant volume change to minimize cracking. The design of mass concrete structures is generally based on durability, economy, and thermal action, with strength often being a secondary concern. This document contains a history of the development of mass concrete practice and discussion of materials and concrete mixture proportioning, properties, construction methods, and equipment. It covers traditionally placed and consolidated mass concrete and does not cover roller-compacted concrete. Keywords: admixture; aggregate; air entrainment; batch; cement; compressive strength; cracking; creep; curing; durability; fly ash; formwork; grading; heat of hydration; mass concrete; mixing; mixture proportion; modulus of elasticity; placing; Poisson’s ratio; pozzolan; shrinkage; strain; stress; temperature rise; thermal expansion; vibration; volume change.
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Founded in 1904 and headquartered in Farmington Hills, Michigan, USA, the American Concrete Institute is a leading authority and resource worldwide for the development and distribution of consensus-based standards, technical resources, educational & training programs, certification programs, and proven expertise for individuals and organizations involved in concrete design, construction, and materials, who share a commitment to pursuing the best use of concrete. ACI has over 95 chapters, 110 student chapters, and nearly 20,000 members spanning over 120 countries.
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