Need help? Chat now
Cart (0)
Search book title
Enter keywords for book title search
Search book content
Enter keywords for book content search
 Admin Code
 CADD File
 City Code
 Comprehensive Plan
 Conference Paper
 County Code
 DHS Documents
 Executive Regulation
 Federal Guideline
 Firm Content
 Land Use and Development
 Legislative Rule
 Local Amendment
 Local Code
 Local Document
 Local Regulation
 Local Standards
 Model Code
 Model Standard
 Rules & Regulations
 State Amendment
 State Code
 State Manual
 State Plan
 State Standards
 Study Guide
 Technical Bulletin
  • ASTM
    D4879-08 Standard Guide for Geotechnical Mapping of Large Underground Openings in Rock (Redline)
    Edition: 2008
    Unlimited Users - 1 Loc per year

Description of ASTM-D4879 2008

ASTM D4879 - 08

Standard Guide for Geotechnical Mapping of Large Underground Openings in Rock

Active Standard ASTM D4879 | Developed by Subcommittee: D18.12

Book of Standards Volume: 04.08

ASTM D4879

Significance and Use

The geotechnical map resulting from application of the procedures set forth in this guide is permanent documentation which may be used in the following ways:

4.1.1 Compilation of basic geotechnical information.

4.1.2 Design verification.

4.1.3 Evaluation of preconstruction assumptions.

4.1.4 Instrumentation location and data analyses.

4.1.5 Identification and location of problems and potential problems.

4.1.6 Provision of records for cost and claims adjustments.

4.1.7 Provision of information useful in future similar or nearby projects.

Construction or safety considerations may limit the ability to map to the full extent of the procedures of this guide.

There are significant benefits to mapping as close to the advancing face of the opening as is feasible, depending upon safety and logistical considerations.

Mapping emphasis should be placed on those geotechnical features which are anticipated or are found to affect overall performance of the excavation.

Dust, water, lack of light, limited exposures, or other physical factors may affect the quality of the mapping.

1. Scope

1.1 This guide recommends procedures for mapping large subsurface openings made for either civil or mining purposes.

1.2 The mapping provides characterization and documentation of the condition of the rock mass at the excavation surface.

1.3 The mapping may be accomplished during or after excavation; however, if possible, the mapping should be completed before construction activity modifies or obscures the surface condition and especially any critical geologic features.

1.4 The mapping level of detail shall be appropriate for its intended use. This mapping does not replace rigorous investigations to develop physical or mathematical models of behavior.

1.5 When soil or soil-like materials are encountered in the excavation, they should also be appropriately mapped and described in accordance with applicable ASTM standards.

1.6 Many of the procedures presented in this guide may be used, as well, to map surface excavations.

1.7 The mapping does not replace the surveying of excavation geometry.

1.8 All observed and calculated values shall conform to the guidelines for significant digits and rounding established in Practice D 6026

1.9 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard

1.10 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

1.11 This guide offers an organized collection of information or a series of options and does not recommend a specific course of action. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this guide may be applicable in all circumstances. This ASTM standard is not intended to represent or replace the standard of care by which the adequacy of a given professional service must be judged, nor should this document be applied without consideration of a project's many unique aspects. The word 'Standard' in the title of this document means only that the document has been approved through the ASTM consensus process.

2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

ASTM Standards

D420 Guide to Site Characterization for Engineering Design and Construction Purposes

D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

D2488 Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)

D5731 Test Method for Determination of the Point Load Strength Index of Rock and Application to Rock Strength Classifications

D5873 Test Method for Determination of Rock Hardness by Rebound Hammer Method

D6026 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Geotechnical Data


cavern design; civil underground excavations; cleavage planes; discontinuities; excavation site; face; fault zones; geotechnical mapping; mapping; mines; rock; rock mass response mapping; subsurface openings; surface analysis; underground environments; underground excavations (civil/mining);

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 07.040 (Astronomy. Geodesy. Geography)

DOI: 10.1520/D4879-08

ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

ASTM D4879

This book also exists in the following packages...

Year Publisher Title Annual Price
[+] $7,443.00 Buy
[+] $1,114.00 Buy
[+] $4,555.00 Buy

Subscription Information ASTM Standards subscriptions are annual and access is unlimited concurrency based (number of people that can access the subscription at any given time) from single office location. For pricing on multiple office location ASTM Standards Subscriptions, please contact us at or +1 800.798.9296.


Some features of ASTM Standards Subscriptions are:

- Online access: With’ s web based subscription service no downloads or installations are required. Access ASTM Standards from any browser on your computer, tablet or smart phone.

- Immediate Access: As soon as the transaction is completed, your ASTM Standards Subscription will be ready for access.


For any further information on ASTM Standards Subscriptions, please contact us at or +1 800.798.9296.


About ASTM

ASTM International, formerly known as the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), is a globally recognized leader in the development and delivery of international voluntary consensus standards. Today, some 12,000 ASTM standards are used around the world to improve product quality, enhance safety, facilitate market access and trade, and build consumer confidence. ASTM’s leadership in international standards development is driven by the contributions of its members: more than 30,000 of the world’s top technical experts and business professionals representing 150 countries. Working in an open and transparent process and using ASTM’s advanced electronic infrastructure, ASTM members deliver the test methods, specifications, guides, and practices that support industries and governments worldwide.