Historical Standard: ASTM D123-09e1 Standard Terminology Relating to Textiles
SUPERSEDED (see Active link, below)
1.1 This standard is the compilation of all terminology developed by Committee D13 on Textiles.
1.1.1 This terminology, consists mostly of definitions, which are specific to the textile industry. Meanings of the same terms used outside the textile industry can be found in other compilations or in dictionaries of general usage.
1.1.2 The specific D13 subcommittee which has jurisdictional responsibility for every item is the first attribution noted after the definition. The standards in which the terms and definitions appear are listed by number after the jurisdiction for the term. The wording of an entry cannot be changed without the approval of the subcommittee which has jurisdiction and subcommittee D13.92 on Terminology. See 1.2, 1.3, 1.4.
1.2 In addition to being a specialized dictionary, Terminology D123 is also a tool for managing the committee's terminology. This includes finding, eliminating, and preventing redundancies, that is, where two or more terms relating the same concept are defined in different words. Redundancies can also occur when one definition is used for two or more terms.
1.3 While the review for clarity and form are the responsibility of the terminology subcommittee, the concept of managing terminology is the broad responsibility of every writer of standards, specifically the task group leader and subcommittee chairman.
1.4 Subsequent to a listing of specific subcommittee compilations, this standard is comprised of the following sections that are listed in the order in which they appear.
1.4.1 Alphabetical listing of terms and respective definitions.
1.4.2 Ready reference guide.
1.4.3 Annex A1 Generic names and definitions of manufactured fibers.
1.4.4 Annex A2 Classification of manufactured and natural fibers.
1.4.5 Annex A3 Terms relating to the hand of fabrics.
1.4.6 Annex A4 Terminology revision procedures.
1.4.7 Annex A5 Industry accepted synonyms.
1.4.8 Appendix X1 Other sources of textile terminology.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D2050 Terminology Relating to Fasteners and Closures Used with Textiles
D3136 Terminology Relating to Care Labeling for Apparel, Textile, Home Furnishing, and Leather Products
D3888 Terminology for Yarn Spinning Systems
D3990 Terminology Relating to Fabric Defects
D4391 Terminology Relating to The Burning Behavior of Textiles
D4845 Terminology Relating to Wool
D4848 Terminology Related to Force, Deformation and Related Properties of Textiles
D4849 Terminology Related to Yarns and Fibers
D4850 Terminology Relating to Fabrics and Fabric Test Methods
D4920 Terminology Relating to Conditioning, Chemical, and Thermal Properties
D5219 Terminology Relating to Body Dimensions for Apparel Sizing
D5253 Terminology Relating to Floor Coverings and Textile Upholstered Furniture
D5646 Terminology Relating to Seams and Stitches Used in Home Sewing
D5684 Terminology Relating to Pile Floor Coverings
D6477 Terminology Relating to Tire Cord, Bead Wire, Hose Reinforcing Wire, and Fabrics
D6798 Terminology Relating to Flax and Linen
D6799 Terminology Relating to Inflatable Restraints
D6963 Terminology Relating to Sewn Products Automation
D7018 Terminology Relating to Glass Fiber and Its Products
D7022 Terminology Relating to Apparel
D7023 Terminology Relating to Home Furnishings
D7139 Terminology for Cotton Fibers
D7722 Terminology Relating to Industrial Textile Stitches and Seams
ICS Number Code 01.040.59 (Textile and leather technology (Vocabularies)); 59.080.01 (Textiles in general)