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  • ASTM
    A31-04(2009) Standard Specification for Steel Rivets and Bars for Rivets, Pressure Vessels
    Edition: 2009
    Unlimited Users - 1 Loc per year

Description of ASTM-A31 2009

ASTM A31 - 04(2009)

Standard Specification for Steel Rivets and Bars for Rivets, Pressure Vessels

Active Standard ASTM A31 | Developed by Subcommittee: F16.02

Book of Standards Volume: 01.08



This specification covers the chemical, mechanical, and dimensional requirements, and associated test methods for steel rivets for use in boilers and pressure vessels, and steel bars for use in the manufacture of such rivets. Two grades of steel are covered here, as follows: Grade A and Grade B. The steel used to make the rivets shall be manufactured by open-hearth, electric-furnace, or basic-oxygen process, and the corresponding rivets shall be manufactured from steel bars conforming to the applicable bar grade ordered. The steel shall undergo heat and product analysis for measurements of chemical contents for carbon, manganese, phosphorus, and sulfur. Finished bars and rivets shall go through rivet bend, rivet flattening, bar tensile, and bar bend tests for measurements of mechanical properties such as ratio of bend diameter to diameter of the shank for rivets, and tensile strength, yield point, elongation, and ratio of bend diameter to diameter of specimen for bars.

This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

1. Scope

1.1 This specification covers steel rivets for use in boilers and pressure vessels and steel bars for use in the manufacture of rivets.

1.2 Two grades are covered:

1.2.1 Grade A Bars having a yield point of 23 000 psi (160 MPa) minimum with no controls on carbon content.

1.2.2 Grade B Bars having a yield point of 29 000 psi (200 MPa) minimum with carbon 0.28 % maximum.

1.2.3 Rivets are manufactured from the applicable bar grade.

1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

ASTM Standards

A29/A29M Specification for Steel Bars, Carbon and Alloy, Hot-Wrought, General Requirements for

A370 Test Methods and Definitions for Mechanical Testing of Steel Products

A751 Test Methods, Practices, and Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Steel Products

F1470 Practice for Fastener Sampling for Specified Mechanical Properties and Performance Inspection


bars; carbon steel; pressure vessel rivets; rivets; steel; Pressure vessel steel bars--specifications; Rivets--specifications;

ICS Code

ICS Number Code 21.060.40 (Rivets)

DOI: 10.1520/A0031-04R09

ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.


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